ارزیابی برخی ویژگی های فیزیکوشیمیایی میوه 14 ژنوتیپ زغال اخته

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشدگروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

چکیده

به منظور شناسایی ژنوتیپ­های برتر زغال­اخته استان آذربایجان­شرقی، پژوهشی در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با سه تکرار بر روی 14 ژنوتیپ محلی زغال­اخته گزینش شده از باغ­های تجاری منطقه کلیبر استان آذربایجان­شرقی، در سال 1392 انجام پذیرفت. در این زمینه، 16 ویژگی کمی، کیفی و بیوشیمیایی میوه مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت و تمام ویژگی­های اندازه­گیری شده تفاوت معناداری در سطح احتمال 1 درصد نشان دادند که بیانگر وجود تنوع ژنتیکی بین ژنوتیپ­های مورد مطالعه می‌باشد. بیشترین ضریب تغییرات مربوط به آنتوسیانین (50) و ویتامین ث (58/23) بود. بر طبق تجزیه خوشه­ای ژنوتیپ­ها، 14 ژنوتیپ مورد بررسی در چهار گروه قرار گرفتند و ژنوتیپ شماره چهار با بیشترین میزان فنل، آنتی­اکسیدان، اسیدیته کل، وزن، طول، حجم و قطر میوه، ضخامت و وزن گوشت، وزن، طول و قطر هسته نسبت به سایر ژنوتیپ­ها برتر شناخته شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of some physicochemical fruit traits of fourteen Cornelian cherry genotypes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Hadi Barzandigh 1
  • Alireza Ghanbari 2
1 M.Sc. Student, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to determination of elite genotype of cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) in East Azerbaijan province, Iran, current study was conducted in complete factorial randomized design with three replication on 14 local commercially cultivated genotypes in orchards of Kaleibar, East Azerbaijan, Iran in 2014. For this purpose, 16 quantitative, qualitative and biochemical characteristics of fruits was evaluated. Results of analysis of variance showed significant differences among genotypes for all traits at 1 percent probability level, indicating the existence of genetic diversity among studied cultivars. The highest genotypic coefficient of variation was found for the Anthocyanin content (50) and Vitamin C (23.58). According to cluster analysis, 14 genotypes divided into four clusters. Number four genotype with maximum amounts of phenol, antioxidant, TSS, total acidity, fresh weight, length, volume and diameter of fruits, pulp weight, stone weight, length and diameter have been known an elite genotype.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cherry Fruit
  • Cornus mas L
  • Diversity
  • Morphopomological
1 . Bijelic S, Golosin B, Todorovic JN and Cerovic S (2011) Morphological characteristics of best Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) genotypes selected in Serbia. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 58: 689-695.

2 . Bijelic SM, Golosin BR, Todorovic JN, Cerovic SB and Popovic BM (2011) Physicochemical Fruit Characteristics of Cornelian Cherry (Cornus mas L.) Genotypes from Serbia. Hortscience. 46: 849-853.

3 . Demir F and Hakki Kalyoncu I (2003) Some nutritional, pomological and physical properties of cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.). Journal of Food Engineering. 60: 335-341.

4 . Didin M, Kızılaslan A and Fenercioglu H (2000) Suitability of some cornelian cherry cultivars for fruit juice. Gida. 25: 435-441.

5 . Ercisli S, Orhan E, Esitken A, Yildirim N and Agar G (2008) Relationships among some cornelian cherry genotypes (Cornus mas L.) based on RAPD analysis. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 55: 613-618.

6 . Ercisli S, Yilmaz SO, Gadze J, Dzubur A, Hadziabulic S and Aliman Y (2011) Some fruit characteristics of Cornelian Cherries (Cornus mas L.). Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca. 39: 255-259.

7 . Ercysly S (2004) Cornelian cherry germplasm resources of Turkey. Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research. 12: 87-92.

8 . Ersoy N, Bagci Y and Gok V (2011) Antioxidant properties of 12 cornelian cherry fruit types (Cornus mas L.) selected from Turkey. Scientific Research and Essays. 13: 98-102.

9 . Eyde RH (1988) Comprehending Cornus: Puzzles and progress in the systematics of the dogwoods. Botanical Review. 54: 233-251.

10 . Gueleryuez M, Bolat I and Pirlak L (1998) Selection of table cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) types in Çoruh Valley. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. 22: 357-364.

11 . Hassanpour H, Hamidoghli Y and Samizadeh H (2012) Some fruit characteristics of Iranian cornelian cherries (Cornus mas L.). Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca. 40: 247-252.

12 . Hassanpour H, Yousef H, Jafar H and Mohammad A (2011) Antioxidant capacity and phytochemical properties of cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) genotypes in Iran. Scientia Horticulturae. 129: 459-463.

13 . Imamaliev G (1977) Diversity of wild forms of Cornus mas L. in the Sheki-Zakataly zone of Azerbaijan. Genet i Selektsiya rast, Tez. Dokl., Leningrad, USSR. 15: 234-235.

14 . Klimenko S (2004) The cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.): collection, preservation, and utilization of genetic resources. Journal of Fruit Ornamental Plant Reserch. 12: 93-98.

15 . Krosniak M, Gąsto M, Szałkowski M, Zagrodzki P and Derwisz M (2010) Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) juices as a source of minerals in human diet. Toxicology and Environmental Health. 73: 1155-1158.

16 . Pantelidis G, Vasilakakis M, Manganaris G and Diamantidis G (2007) Antioxidant capacity, phenol, anthocyanin and ascorbic acid contents in raspberries, blackberries, red currants, gooseberries and Cornelian cherries. Food Chemistry. 102: 777-783.

17 . Rudkovskij G (1960a) Cornelian cherry in the Ukraine. Priroda, Moskva. Pp. 101-102.

18 . Rudkovsky G (1960) Cornelian cherry in the Ukraine priroda. Plant Breeding Abstracts. P. 4218.

19 . Seeram N, Schutzki R, Chandra R and Nair MG (2002) Characterization, quantification, and bioactivities of anthocyanins in Cornus species. Agriculture and Food Chemistry. 50: 2519-2523.

20 . Seeram NP, Schutzki R, Chandra A and Nair MG (2002) Characterization, quantification, and bioactivities of anthocyanins in Cornus species. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 50: 2519-2523.

21 . Tural S and Koca I (2008) Physico-chemical and antioxidant properties of cornelian cherry fruits (Cornus mas L.) grown in Turkey. Scientia Horticulturae. 116: 362-366.

22 . Vursavuş K, Kelebek H and Selli S (2006) A study on some chemical and physico-mechanic properties of three sweet cherry varieties (Prunus avium L.) in Turkey. Food Engineering. 74: 568-575.

23 . Wagner GJ (1979) Content and vacuole/extravacuole distribution of neutral sugars, free amino acids, and anthocyanin in protoplasts. Plant Physiology. 64: 88-93.

24 . Yilmaz KU, Ercisli S, Zengin Y, Sengul M and Kafkas EY (2009) Preliminary characterisation of cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) genotypes for their physico-chemical properties. Food Chemistry. 114: 408-412.